Since we are a group of people who want to keep our nature healthy and preserved, we came up with the simple plan that we will try to stick to in order to keep our estuary clean. Not only we want to keep it clean because it looks nice, but also because it hosts many rare examples of flora and fauna, not to mention the beautiful landscapes and lawns. For this occasion, we have prepared a small set of activities that we are planning to achieve.
Though we have (almost) the complete list of all animals and plants that are present there, we would like to go through the list again to see that we had not missed anything. The team that is determined to deal with the consulting issues will consult with the biologists and experts from this filed to try to identify some other species that are not designated. According to our statistics, we are talking about three to 5 new species that we should identify. Beside the ones that we know, we will need to try to find the names for these species and list them in the official recordings.
Although we had manages to write down all the species of flora world, we would like to say that we will deal with some of the experiments. The experiments will involve breeding other types of species in order to produce the new specie. All the experiments will go under the supervision of biological experts and florist professionals who have been engaged in such activities for a long time. The goal is to try to develop a new type of grass, as the present types have some really special and unique characteristics. These experiments will not have any negative influence on the present state of this estuary.
However, the experiments will not start until 2020, as we need to do a lot of preparation and paperwork. As we want to preserve our nature to the maximum, we will undergo a series of tests and requirements that we need to meet in order to get the approval for such experiments. For this reason, we would like to say that, once we receive the official approval from the several organizations, we will start our experimenting. Until then, no experiments or tasks will be performed. If you would like to become a part of this project, and you possess a significant experience in this field, you can sign up for the project and wait until the interviewing process starts. All the experiments will be open-to-public and all records will be revealed to the public so everyone could see what we are doing and how we progress.
The Duddon Estuary encompasses around 28 miles or shoreline and hosts many unique examples of flora and fauna. For this occasion, we will list the three most authentic examples that mostly live in this area and spend most of the year in this habitat.
The Natterjack toad is a specie of frog that can be found on the sandy beaches of Europe and they have a unique yellow line down the back, as well as parallel paratoid glands that distinguishes it from a regular toads that we see everywhere. These are 60-70mm in length, have a pair of short legs and have really unique gait that is followed by the rhythmic hopping. The name comes from a distinctive and loud mating call of male frogs that resembles of chatting and therefore the name comes from. The lifetime of these frogs can extend to 15 years, especially when they only eat insects. Though they can move in vegetation terrain, they are often found in sand and they colonize new places very easily and rapidly. These ca n be found in 17 European countries although one fifth of the whole population is present in the Duddon Estuary.
This wader comes from the oystercatcher family of birds and it can be found from Europe, to Euroasia, Kamchatka and China, while it is the national bird of the Faroe Islands. This bird is 40-45 cm long with the 85cm of the wing span. They are unique by their red legs and red bills that they use for opening molluscs and eating earthworms. The most interesting part, even though their name contains “oyster”, is that these bird do not east oyster on the regular basis. Just the most experienced birds of these species are able to open and eat oysters. Also, the bill shape can vary, as there is no universal size for all birds of this kind.
The first example of flora is reserved for the unique salt marsh. Salt marsh can grow down and up the water, depending on the level of sedimentation. Usually, these grow out of mud or sand, however the mud and sand are full of healthy and nutritional sediments. This type of grass starts growing once the tide This herb is salt-tolerant and they secure the high level of coastal protection and provide the whole web of food for many terrestrial animals.
This sandy estuary of the Duddon river stretches from Morecambe Bay to west Cumbrian coast, making it ideal for rare flora and fauna to exist. It has around 28 miles of shoreline and heads out directly to the Irish Sea and Walney Island on the southern part. Although it has been existing since the 12th century, the early settlements were preserved in small percentage. Some of the settlements that are placed along the Duddon estuary are: Haverigg, Millom, Fofield, Kirkby-in-Furness and Barrow-in-Furness.
It is important to say that this area is SSSI, which stands for Site of Special Scientific Interest. The reason for this is the diverse animal’s and plant’s world that you cannot find anywhere on our planet. When it comes to animals(fauna), one of the most rarest species of toad is living there: natterjack toad. This area ensures more than 1/5 of the whole natterjack toad population in the world, whereas only 50 sites in the whole UK hosts this specie. According to the studies, this specie of frog will continue to live here for the next 200 years.
Pintail, red knot, common redshank, along with shelduck, red-breasted mergansers, Eurasian oystercatchers, ringed plover, dunlin and Eurasian curlew are the main habitants of this area. As these birds are rare and designated as protected ones, it means that the estuary is one of the best and most diverse when it comes to protected species. Since 1998 when SPA regulation was applied, the population of these birds have been growing as our group worked on providing the safe and healthy breeding of these species.
When it comes to plants, we must say that you will find some of the rarest plants on the planet Earth. For this reason, the strong efforts of preservation are applied since 1998. Flora is very rich here as the climate is the perfect for these rare plants. Salt marsh, sand dunes, shingle vegetation are very rare so these plants are also designated as the protected ones. As this is a bit of remote area, there isn’t much of the people’s influence, however, we work on minimizing this as we want to keep this away from the human’s influence. The years of intact nature secured the breathtaking landscapes that will make you want to live there forever so helps us to keep it that way!